Stem Cell Research

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Stem Cell Research|
Why is it controversial?|
Jessica Moss, Sabrina Sherrod, Bridget Sellers, Norlisha Taylor and Souriya Soukhaphanith|

Contents
Introduction (Background Information) (Jessica Moss)4
Historical Development and Context, factors that drove the technology (Sabrina Sherrod)5
Stem Cell Legislation(Jessica Moss)8
Political Issues (Bridget Sellers)9
Social and Psychological Issues (Norlisha Taylor)12
Moral and Ethical Issues (Souriya Soukhaphanith)14
Environmental Issues (Jessica Moss)16
The Media Influences (Norlisha Taylor)17
Conclusion18
References19

Abstract:
Understanding what stem cell research is and how it can affect the future is important to understand while examining the controversy surrounding stem cells. Stem cell research is a process of studying the division of cells that can be used to cure diseases and illnesses and even fix tissues within the body. Like many hot topics such as abortion or gay marriage, stem cell research has a lot on controversial issues within itself and has been a topic of debate for several decades. Why do people relate stem cell research to abortion? How is it like cloning animals and humans? All of these issues will be explained and then you can make up your mind on how you feel about what stem cell research could do for everyone in the future, including your loved ones.

Introduction (Background Information) (Jessica Moss)
There are many emerging technologies that are facing struggles against new improvements every day. One of the many technologies that is under constant scrutiny is biomedical technology. What is biomedical technology? Biomedical technology refers to the combination of engineering and technology to solve medical problems involving humans, normally with the design and use of medical equipment that is used to diagnose as well as treat diseases. Under biomedical technology certain technologies and sciences are emerging such as genetic engineering, body implants, life extension and stem cell research and treatments. Among those sciences, stem cell treatment is a widely known procedure that is becoming commonly debatable across the United States. Stem cell research is also considered controversial along with the stem cell treatments. Using biomedical technology, stem cell research and treatment has become a scrutinized science because of the history, procedure, and issues regarding stem cells and how they are obtained and the risks that they involve. (Health, 2009) Stem cells are cells that can be developed into many different cells in the human body. There are three different stem cells that are the most common: embryonic, fetal and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are taken from early embryos. Fetal stem cells come from a fetus. The fetus must be approximately ten weeks of gestation. Lastly, adult stem cells are cells that come from tissue that can replace tissues that die or can replace a tissue after an injury; examples include bone marrow, skin or muscle. (Research) The topic is a controversial topic for several reasons. In order to achieve the cells, they are to be taken while in the early forming of a human embryo. There are adult cells which can be used for stem cell research but the cells need to be unharmed and it is difficult to obtain them. It is easier and more beneficial to use the embryonic cells because they are easier to obtain, they are unharmed and unspecialized, and they can eventually form into one hundred and thirty different types of human tissue. These cells are extremely important to researchers. These cells could be the answer to several types of diseases such as Parkinson’s, diabetes, or heart disease. The stem cells could be a replacement type of cell to cure such diseases because they can be cloned to replicate different human tissues, since they can form into one hundred and thirty different types of tissues as stated before. Stem cells are easy to obtain...
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