A project report
Present scenario of the status of women in Indian society
According to India’s constitution, women are legal citizens of the country and have equal rights with men (Indian Parliament). Because of lack of acceptance from the male dominant society, Indian women suffer immensely. Women are responsible for bearing children, yet they are malnourished and in poor health. Women are also overworked in the fields and complete all of the domestic work. Most Indian women are uneducated. Although the country’s constitution says women have equal status as of men, women are powerless and are mistreated inside and outside the home. India is a society where the male is greatly revered. Therefore women, especially the young girls, get very little respect and standing in this country. The women of the household are required to prepare the meal for the men, who eat most of the food. Only after the males have finished eating, can the females eat. Typically the leftover food is meager, considering the families are poor and have little to begin with. This creates a major problem of malnutrition, especially for pregnant or nursing women. Very few women seek medical care while pregnant because it is thought of as a temporary condition. This is one main reason why India’s maternal and infant mortality rates are so high. Starting from birth, girls do not receive as much care and commitment from their parents and society as a boy would. For example a new baby girl would only be breast fed for a short period of time, barely supplying her with the nutrients she needs. This is so that the mother can get pregnant as soon as possible in hopes of a son the next time. Even though the constitution guarantees free primary schooling to everyone up to 14 years of age (Indian Parliament), very few females attend school. Only about 39 percent of all women in India actually attend primary schools. There are several reasons why families choose not to educate their daughters. One reason is that parents get nothing in return for educating their daughters. Another reason is that all the females in a household have the responsibility of the housework. So even though education does not financially burden the family, it costs them the time she spends at school when she could be doing chores. In addition, even if a woman is educated, especially in the poorer regions, there is no hope for a job. Most jobs women perform are agricultural or domestic which do not require a formal education.. Because women are not educated and cannot hold a prestigious job, they take on the most physically difficult and undesirable jobs. Most women are overworked with no maternity leave or special breaks for those who are pregnant. Even though women work twice as many hours as men, the men say that “women eat food and do nothing.” This is mainly because the work the women perform does not require a lot of skill and are smaller tasks. The objective of the study:
The objective of this exercise was to find out whether women are aware of their rights and if not to explain to them by way of a set of questions, and their response studied. Following process was employed:
A questionnaire was prepared for 30 respondents staying in lower middle class locality of North Mumbai in Ghatla village, Chembur. Visited 30 households in this area for the survey.
Tried to find out if they had any understanding of their own status and of various laws, facilities available to them through various government schemes. Explained the meaning of the questions to individual women of a household. They responded to the questions and the response was documented against that lady. Based on the responses they were classified into 4 categories.
1.10/30 were informed
2.08/30 were aware
3.10/30 were liberated
4.02/30 were inhibited.
Results of the questionnaire tabulated below.