Problems 5.4 (page 177),
5.4A die is thrown (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) and a coin is tossed (H, T). (a) Enumerate the elementary events in the sample space for the die/coin combination. (b) Are the elementary events equally likely? Explain.
A) Elementary events are -
B) YES, EACH EVENT IS EQUALLY LIKELY TO OCCUR. THERE ARE 12 POSSIBLE OUTCOMES AS A RESULT OF ROLLING OE DIE AND FLIPPING ONE COIN, THEREFORE THE LIKELYHOOD OF ANY ONE EVENT OCCURING IS 1/12.
5.13 (page 186),
5.13Given P(A) = .40, P(B) = .50, and P(A ∩ B) = .05, find - (a) P(A ∪ B)
= 0.40 + 0.50 - .05
(b) P(A | B)
P(A|B)=P(A∩B) for P(B)>0
(c) P (B | A)
P(A|B)= P(A∩B) for P(A)>0
(d) Sketch a Venn diagram.
5.15 (page 186)
5.15Samsung ships 21.7 percent of the liquid crystal displays (LCDs) in the world. Let S be the event that a randomly selected LCD was made by Samsung. Find - (a) P(S) = 0.217
(b) P(S′) = P(S) + P(S’) = 1
= 0.217 + S’ = 1
= S’ = 1 - 0.217
= S’ = 0.783
(c) the odds in favor of event S, and
P(S)=P(S)= 0.217 / 0.783 = 0.277
(d) the odds against event S.
P(S’)=1- P(S)= 0.783 / 0.217 = 3.608
Problems 5.22 (page 190),
5.22Which pairs of events are independent?
a.P(A) = .60, P(B) = .40, P(A ∩ B) = .24.
b.P(A) = .90, P(B) = .20, P(A ∩ B) = .18.
c.P(A) = .50, P(B) = .70, P(A ∩ B) = .25.
5.23 (page 190)
5.23The probability that a student has a Visa card (event V) is .73. The probability that a student has a MasterCard (event M) is .18. The probability that a student has both cards is .03. (a) Find the probability that a student has either a Visa card or a MasterCard. (b) In this problem, are V and M independent? Explain....