States of Consciousness

Topics: Sleep, Unconscious mind, Electroencephalography Pages: 3 (652 words) Published: October 12, 2011
States of consciousness

▪ Collective term for an individual’s perceptions, thoughts, feelings, and memories that are active at a given moment. Preconsciousness
▪ This is between consciousness and unconsciousness. It refers to memories that are not at the surface or at the top of the mind of a person but can be retrieved at any given time or needed. Unconsciousness

▪ It serves as a store room of these psychological feelings that are no longer accessible. Waking state
▪ A consciousness with a mixture of sensation from the outside world, sensations from the body, memories from the past, thoughts, feelings, perception, and expectations about the future that occur when we are awake and reasonably alert. Altered states of consciousness

▪ A radical deviation from the overall pattern of functioning of the mind during the ordinary waking state of consciousness such that new, overall pattern is superimposed on one’s experience.

Examples of altered states of consciousness

▪ Growth hormones reach their peak concentrations in the blood during sleep. It was linked with fatigue where substances accumulate in the bloodstream to cause sleep. Snoring
▪ Occurs when the air passage is blocked by the tongue. Sleeptalking and Sleepwalking
▪ Although these are still open topics, researchers have concluded that these are partially hereditary. They take place at stages 3 and 4 or NREM (non rapid eye movement) and is recorded to be common among children. These sleep walker after sleeping for about 2 hours arises from bed, walks about the house and performs a familiar act like going to the room of the yaya. Narcolepsy

▪ This is the uncontrollable tendency to fall asleep. This can happen even at daytime. Example: a singer falls asleep while performing.
▪ This is a breathing difficulty and cessation of breathing while asleep. Insomnia
▪ Is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling and/ or...
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