Presented by Mirza Abdul Basit Beigh And , Civil Deptt. , SRM University,
Kattangulathur, Tamil Nadu
Abstract: Energy continues to be a major constraint in achieving socioeconomic growth in developing countries. Recent studies indicate that current patterns of energy consumption and anticipated growth of demand in developing countries risk becoming unsustainable in the long run and hence countries need to focus on sustainable energy strategies that do not impair their development goals. While the important role renewable sources of energy are destined to play in sustainable development strategies is well recognized by nearly all nations, the development and application of these sources on a wide scale face formidable technical, economic and social challenges. Major national and international efforts are needed to expand the use of renewable energy in order to ensure that future energy systems are sustainable from an environmental perspective. Such efforts are especially needed in building the requisite institutional capacity, decentralized infrastructure, human resource
capabilities, technological and production capabilities and above all an enabling environment. The renewable energy development effort will have to assume a sufficient scale and magnitude if it
is to serve as an instrument of economic growth and social progress. Renewable energy resources sector growth in India has been significant Even for the decentralized systems, the growth for solar home
lighting systems has been 300%, solar lanterns 99% and solar photovoltaic water pumps 196%. This is a phenomenal growth in the renewable energy sector mainly for applications that were considered to be supplied only through major electricity utilities. Some large projects have been proposed, and a 35,000
km2 area of the Thar Desert has been set aside for solar power projects, sufficient to generate 700 to 2,100 gigawatts. Renewable energy... [continues]
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