Stanford Prison Experiment

Topics: Stanford prison experiment, Stanford University, Philip Zimbardo Pages: 5 (1962 words) Published: August 4, 2013
Table of Contents
Description of the experiment, and information about Zimbardo2
Method2
Incidents that took place during the procedure3
The end of the experiment6
The conclusion and the criticism of the experiment6
The Conclusion6
The Criticism7
References8

Description of the experiment, and information about Zimbardo The Stanford prison experiment was an experiment conducted by a group of researchers and led by psychology professor Philip Zimbardo. Zimbardo was born in New York City on March 23, 1933. He completed his BA in Brooklyn College with a triple major in sociology, anthropology and psychology in 1954. He got both his M.S. and Ph.D. from Yale University in 1955 and 1959 respectively. Also he was a psychology lecturer at Yale University from 1959 to 1960, he worked the next seven years at the University of New York, and from 1967 to 1968 he taught at Columbian University to end up joining the faculty of Stanford University in 1968. The Stanford Prison experiment was in fact a study of the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or a prison guard. The experiment took place at the University of Stanford facilities and lasted only 6 days from August 14 to August 20 of 1971 as the participants experienced emotional trauma, though originally it was planned to last two weeks. The project came to life with the assistance of a government grand from the U.S. Office of Naval Research in order to find out the causes of conflict between prisoners and military guards. Method

Dr. Zimbardo released an advertisement on a local newspaper asking for male college students to participate in a prison’s life psychology study, claiming 15$ payment per day. About 70 people responded to the advertisement, Zimbardo and his team selected 24 people, all of them were moral sane without any criminal record or any psychological background, the selection of which would be the “prisoners” and which would be the “guards” was made in random. The guards were given military uniforms and wooden batons for intimidating reasons and mirror shade sunglasses in order to minimize the “human” contact between the prisoners and the guards. Zimbardo who in terms of the experiment was the prison warden informed the guards that they were only banned from using physical punishment, besides that they were free to run the prison as they believed it would be best for the interests of the experiment, in order it to be more realistic he also divided them into regular working shifts. On the other hand prisoners were given cheap smocks and weren’t allowed to wear any underwear. They were forced to use identity numbers substituting their real names; moreover a small chain was put around their ankle in order to remind them that they were prisoners in a correctional facility. Their residence and environmental status was cruel as only the basic sleeping mattress and plain food being supplied. They were told to remain at their houses which were charged without any warning, the prisoners were arrested by the real local police charged with armed robbery. The arrest procedure was followed as it would with real-life criminals, during the arrests participants were read their rights and had their fingerprints and mug-shots taken. After that they were stripped and searched and then taken into their mock cells which were designed to hold up to three prisoners, there was also a small space for the prison yard, solitary confinement and a bigger room for the guards and the warden, although there was a mock prison yard the prisoners were to stay in their mock cells during the whole time of the process. Incidents that took place during the procedure

After a relatively uneventful first day, on day number two the prisoners of cell 1 blocked their cell door and took off their stocking caps while refusing to leave their cell and follow the guard’s orders. According to the shift plan there were 3 guards on duty on every shift but when this event took place...
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