St. Thomas Aquinas, Nietzche

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One of St. Thomas Aquinas' arguments for the existence of God is the Teleological Argument. This argument is known as the "Argument from Design," as it attempts to prove God's existence through the belief that since there is evidence of design in the universe, there must have been a designer. Another point to further the argument is that brute nature cannot be a designer due to mechanistic materialism, which does not assume any plan or purpose. Therefore, there must be a supernatural designer (Arguments for the Existence of God, C. Guignon). This argument is based off of the opinion that there is evidence of design in the universe. There is much more evidence that supports the belief that this world was created through mere chance rather than design. Thus it is a fallacy to make the claim that God exists because the universe has a design. The God of the theologians is not the God of most religious factions, in the sense of a loving being that will provide justice in another realm. Instead it is meant as the forms in which Plato describes as invisible, nonphysical, timeless and unchanging items, which govern everything we see around us. When Nietzsche says, "God is dead", he is referring to these same absolutes. All absolutes are human construction, which means that reason, God, and science are all just products of chance events that have been accepted by humans. As a cultural relativist, Nietzsche's belief can create two different reactions among people known as active nihilism and reactive nihilism. He thought that getting rid of God would lead to greater solidarity and responsibility through active nihilism. He felt that when people discovered there never was God and hence actually never lost anything, as they were constantly deceiving themselves. They would go on to create a table of values and go on living a "healthy" life. He believes they will embrace it, as the modern worldview tends to lead people to not believe in God. The Problem of Evil exists due...
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