St Thomas Aquinas

Topics: Thomas Aquinas, Aristotle, Natural law Pages: 2 (556 words) Published: December 8, 2010
“Three things are necessary for the salvation of men: to know what he ought to believe: and to know he ought to desire: and to know what he ought to do”, was once said by a respected man St Thomas Aquinas. Referred to, as the doctor of the church, St Thomas was a theologian and philosopher. A theologian is someone who spends his or hers life thinking bout Gods life. They figure out things about god through prayer and study. St Thomas was sent to a monastery when he was only five years old. At the age of nineteen Thomas decided to join the Dominican order even though his family went against his believes.

St Thomas Aquinas taught theology, but what is remembered most about his life, is the great work of the Summa Theologica and the Summa Contra Gentiles, which are still considered the basis of most modern Catholic theology today. These writings are written to pose a question to the reader about the reality of the world but also apposing the reason something must be believed. Once said by Thomas “ To one with faith, no explanation is necessary, to one without faith no explanation is possible” Aquinas was meticulous when it came with dealing with varieties of law. Thomas believed in four laws: God’s cosmic law, God’s scriptural law, Natural law or rules of conduct, and Human law or specific rules ap-plic-able to specific circumstances.

I feel St Thomas is in the top 100 influential people because even though he wrote and lived during medieval period, his work is found in modern day philosophy. In the 13th century was a critical period in Christian thought. There was a torn between averroist and Augustinians. Thomas opposed both schools. Averroist separated faith and truth and Augustinians would make truth a matter of faith. St Thomas held the reason that the truths of faith complement those of reason. Aquinas was a saint of common sense. For it is in his theory on Thomist philosophy, which is based on common sense, apposed to complex and overly complicated...
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