St. Lucia

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  • Topic: Saint Lucia, Caribbean, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
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  • Published : August 28, 2010
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Caribbean Island of St. Lucia

Caribbean Island of St. Lucia

St. Lucia (Loo-sha) is a volcanic mountainous island deep in the Caribbean. The island of St. Lucia is approximately 623 square kilometers (roughly three and a half times the size of Washington, DC). The climate is tropical, and the main source of revenue for the island is generated by the banana trade, with tourism coming in a close second. St. Lucia gained its independence from British rule in 1979 after many years of being ruled by France and later by the British. While St. Lucia is an independent state, its structure remains similar to that of the British parliamentary system, and it still has close relations with Britain and is an active member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

St. Lucia is an island in a collection of islands known as the Windward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean just north of Trinidad and Tobago. Its total land mass is approximately 623 square kilometers with a coastline of approximately 158 kilometers. At its widest part it is approximately 14 miles and approximately 27 miles long. The land is volcanic and mountainous, with impressive rugged twin volcanic cone shaped peaks that stand high above the island, known as the Petit Piton and the Gros Piton, contrasting with the peacefulness of the island’s black and white sandy beaches, exotic wildlife and colorful foliage. St. Lucia has a long standing tradition of preserving its natural resources such as: the sandy beaches, the ocean, the forest, minerals, and mineral springs. The island’s fertile volcanic soil helps banana, coconut, mango, and papaya plantations to thrive. Climate and Weather

St. Lucia, just as any other island in the Caribbean is warm and humid year round. St. Lucia’s tropical climate is divided into just two seasons, winter, and summer. Winter, the dry season, runs from November to April with pleasantly warm temperatures averaging 72°F and with low humidity. Summer is the wet season and runs between May and October with high humidity and temperatures averaging 81°F, however; the northeastern trade winds and the sea breezes help keep the temperatures from becoming extreme. Rainfall is heaviest in the summer season, between August and November; these months are also heart of the hurricane season, though St. Lucia – for the most part has been lucky to escape the wrath of the sea. Temperature (c) Humidity (%) Rainfall (mm)

St. Lucia has about 172,000 inhabitants of which approximately 81% are of African descent, the rest of the population comprises several minority groups including Indo-Caribbean or Indian groups as well as a small European group. All this, with a population growth rate at 1.21%. Of this population approximately 66.4% are between the ages of 15- 64 years (male 51,593/female 54,843) The median age of the population is just 29.8 years, and a life expectancy rate of the total population of 72.31 years. Of the population, approximately 60,000 live in and around the towns of Soufriere, Gros Islet, and Vieux Fort, although approximately one-third of the populations live in the capital city of Castries. The unemployment rate is approximately 20%. With a labor force split up into agriculture: 5%, industry: 15% and services industry at 53.6%.

Traveling to St. Lucia
St. Lucia has two airports: Hewanorra International Airport at Vieux Fort and George F.L. Charles Airport (Vigi Airport) near Castries. St. Lucia is also a popular port of call for cruise lines such as: Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines, Carnival Cruise Lines, and Princess Cruise Lines. Pointe Seraphine is the port of entry for these cruise ships which bring thousands of tourists a year onto the island of St Lucia. There are several major air carriers that service St. Lucia. American Airlines, US Airways, Air Jamaica, and Delta Airlines are just a few of the air carriers...
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