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SOCIAL SCIENCES REVIEW OF PAKISTAN

Volume 1 Issue 1

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Social Sciences Review of Pakistan (SSRP)

Volume 1, Issue 1

Copyrights © Sociological Association of Pakistan (SAP)

Sociological Association of Pakistan (SAP)

EDITORIAL BOARD

Dr. RAZA ULLAH
Assistant Professor Sociology
University of the Punjab

Dr. MUHAMMAD ZAMAN
Assistant Professor Sociology
Quaid-e-Azam University Islamabad

Dr. KHIZRA ASLAM
Associate Professor Sociology

Dr. ZAHIRA BATOOL
Assistant Professor
University of Agriculture Faisalabad

Table of Contents
Prison Reforms and Situation of Prisons in Pakistan1
Violence against Women in Pakistan: Role of Police and Media13 Perception of Sexual Harassment at Workplace, Knowledge and Attitude of Working Women towards Workplace Harassment Act 201022 Role of News Talk Shows in Creating Political Efficacy among Youth30 Problems Faced by Infertile Couples in their Social Adjustment43

* Prison Reforms and Situation of Prisons in Pakistan
Muhammad Siddique Akbar
PhD Scholar
Institute of Social and Cultural Studies,
University of the Punjab, Lahore-Pakistan
Mazhar Hussain Bhutta
PhD Scholar
Institute of Social and Cultural Studies,
University of the Punjab, Lahore-Pakistan

ABSTRACT
Pakistan inherited the prison system as a colonial legacy after the partition of British occupied subcontinent in 1947. With the passage of time the deteriorating condition of prisons and prisoners beckoned the attention of governments and human rights organization as it began to realize that life conditions in prisons is closely related with recidivism rate and criminal behaviour. The ideas of community correction and rehabilitation altered the functions and objectives of modernized prison institution. To improve the living conditions of detainees, various commissions and committees have been constituted by government of Pakistan occasionally in context with paradigmatic shift in the penal philosophy throughout the world. Administrative, legislative and reformative measures were recommended by different commissions to address the major problems facing the prisoners and prisons. Notwithstanding, a substantive gap remained between policy decisions and implementation level. Living conditions in prisons are miserable due to poor implementation level. Prisons have turned into place of illegalities and fertile breeding places for offenders. Prisoners’ classification based policies should be formulated to improve the living conditions of inmates. Prison system is closely associated with other organs of criminal justice system i.e. police, courts and community corrections. Reforms introduced to improve the prisons must encompass all the stakeholders. This paper analyses the degrading conditions of prisons and prisoners in Pakistan keeping in view the recommendations of commissions and committees formulated to reform the prison system in Pakistan. The situation needs improvement in accordance with the measures recommended by the different commissions and according to International Conventions/Regulations on Prisoners’ Human Rights charted by United Nations. Introduction

Pakistan inherited the Prison System from the Britishers as a colonial legacy. This system was used by the colonial as an instrument of punitive measures adopted to suppress the political opponents and threat to the Crown as well as antisocial elements. Jails served as means to detain freedom fighters and regime defiant along with criminals. While the history of Western society’s use of punishment dates back to eighteenth century public tortures, pillorying and executions at the scaffold. It was characterized by a legally approved “discrimination, violence, revenge, and penitence during Medieval and Ancient times” (Blomberg &Lucken, 2000). The appalling and shocking pain inflicted on the “body of the damned” dates back the past punitive system of Europe. Bodily punishment dramatized around the...
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