The most common injuries include contusions, sprains, strains, dislocations, and fractures. A contusion, more commonly known as a bruise, is an injury to the soft tissue caused by a force to this tissue that will result in pain, swelling, and discoloration. A sprain is a twisting injury to a ligament, which is a tough cord of tissue that connects muscles to muscles. Sprains are most common to affect ankles, knees, or wrists. A strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon. A tendon is a tough cord of tissue attaching muscles to bones. Strains are usually caused by overuse of the muscle or tendon, force, or stretching. A dislocation occurs most commonly in the shoulder and fingers. This occurs when an extreme force is applied to a ligament causing the ends of two bones to separate. A fracture is a break in the bone that is caused by a blow or a fall. Two types of fractures are a simple fracture, in which the bone is broken but the skin is not cut through, and a compound fracture, where the bone is broken and it comes through the skin.
There are four steps to treating sprains and strains. That is R.I.C.E: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Very bad sprains may require surgery to put the ligament back together so it may heal. To treat a dislocation, your doctor may have to put the joint back in place so it can heal properly. Then you should follow the steps of R.I.C.E. Unlike sprains and strains that may take a few weeks at the most to heal, a fracture may take several weeks or months. To heal a fracture, a cast or splint should be used to hold the bone in place as it grows back together.
One of the most common problems involving the knee joint is a tear in the ACL. The ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament, is a ligament that connects the tibia to the femur. It is one of the four ligaments that are crucial to the stability of the knee joint. The ACL specifically prevents the tibia from sliding too far forward, making the joint unstable and prone to dislocation. When someone experiences an injury to the ACL, they often complain of the feeling that their knee will “give out” due to the lack of stability of the knee joint when the ACL is torn. An ACL injury makes the knee more prone to arthritis and cartilage tears. When you tear your ACL, you might hear or feel a pop in your knee. There will probably be a lot of swelling in the knee area, and you might not be able to straighten your knee. This injury will most likely inhibit your ability to continue playing that sport for a while. When you initially injure your ACL, you should treat it by using R.I.C.E. and medications to reduce the pain and swelling. Crutches or a knee brace may be required in the healing process, as well as stretching and strengthening exercises after the swelling subsides. Usually after an athlete tears their ACL, they are required to have surgery if they expect to play in contact sports again that require pressure or rotating of the knee.
Another common injury is called tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis. This is the most common injury of people who complain of a pain in their elbow. It is a condition characterized by pain in the back side of the elbow and forearm, along the thumb side of the arm. The pain is caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist backward away from the palm. Patients who experience this injury complain of an intense burning pain in their elbow which starts in the elbow joint and travels up the arm and increasingly worsens...