Sport Essay

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2. describe how the warm up and cool down exercises relate to the principles of biomechanics and human anatomy and physiology. Give several examples to illustrate your point.

Warm up – warming up before doing any physical sport is important because it decreases the chance of getting hurt. It increases your blood temperature which increases the blood flow. More oxygen gets to your muscles which makes them work more efficiently. It also increases muscle temperature so it can contract and relax easier. This means better performance and less chance of injury. Always stretch after warm-ups. It is normal to have a light sweat to cool your body down. It is important to not over heat and to keep hydrated by drinking lots of water. Warm-up can include, relays, passing and skills or races.

Cooling down after physical activities reduces blood flow gradually to the working muscles. It also reduces the heart beat, blood temperature and muscle temperature. A cool down can also help with recovery and alos prevents injury later on. Gentle static and dynamic stretching could be a cool down. A slow gentle cool down help the muscles get rid of lactic acid and waste products and yeah.

3. describe how to prevent or manage injuries when conducting warm up and cool down exercises. What might be the contraindications or precautions for warm up and cool down exercises.

To avoid getting any injuries during a warm up or cool down you must always stretch after each warm up or cool down. Dynamic stretches are an example of stretches you could do. You shouldn’t stretch before a warm up because you muscle would still be cold. A warm up should start light and then gradually increase. Try not to bounce when stretching. If you are in cold weather, a longer warm up is recommended. You must always, at al time stay hydrated and drink lots of water. Before any stretching it is important to increase your heart rate with a warm up first.

4. explain the warm up, stretching and cool down exercises and techniques for relevant activities or events to enable an appropriate program to be implemented. Give specific examples relating to the sport you are currently participating in. draw pictures if necessary. It is expected that you will provide a substantial response to this question.

When playing basket ball, it is essential to have a warm and a cool down. A warm up that you could do is to have a game to get the heart rate up. A game such as golden child which is good for practising. Good balance, knees bent, shooting.

Game rules
1. Fielding team lines up on head up. 1 person shoots the ball ( make sure to encourage good technique for passing, catching and shooting) 2. At the same time a runner is trying to make it around the “bases” _ 3. This person shoots until they make the basket. When the basket is made the runner must freeze 4. The next player shoots and the next runner starts and so on 5. The last runner is the “Golden Child”

6. The “Golden Child” can unfreeze the frozen runners by tagging them as he/she runs the “bases” 7. The score is the number of runners that get home before the shot is made, including those unfrozen by the “Golden Child” 8. Teams change positions

9. Winning team is the one with the most runs
* After the warm up it is important to do some stretched, a good type of stretching could be dynamic stretches. *

You should always cool down after exercise. This will help remove waste products produced by exercise and will minimize muscle soreness and joint pain. A cool down could be a slow aerobic job – lowers body temp gradually reduces heart rate. Then a light stretch afterwards.

5. what are the benefits of warm-up, stretching and cool-down exercises in preventing injury and aiding recovery. *
* The benefits of a warm up include:
* Performance improvement.
· Increased speed of contraction and...
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