Spirits of Hegel vs Soul of Kant

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Lanz Romulo N. DeiparineENGLCOM A5624-02-12

Compare and Contrast Essay on Spirit as the Philosophical State of Mind

(Hegel's Spirit/Mind and Philosophies VS. Kant's Reason/Soul and Philosophies)

I. Introduction

II. Argument 1: Divisions and Facilities
A.) Divisions of Spirit
B.) Faculties of Soul

III. Argument 2: Idealism
A.) Hegelian Absolute Idealism
B.) Kantian Transcendental Idealism

IV. Argument three: The Dialectic
A.) Hegelian Theory of Dialectics
B.) Kantian Transcendental Dialectics

V. Conclusion

Spirit in Philosophy is regarded as another word for the Mind or the Mental Consciousness of human beings. The most renowned philosophies regarding Spirit is by Georg Hegel and his works; his studies revolved around the Geist, the German word for spirit and how it became his revolutionary concept in creating his most famous work the “Phenomenology of Spirit”. A philosopher before him by the name of Immanuel Kant had a rougher version of the Mind in which he talked more on about the Mind’s use of Reason and the concept of the Soul, which many of his works became the works that Hegel himself used to conceptualize his Geist and Mind philosophies. The purpose of this essay is to compare and or contrast Hegelian philosophies of Spirit/Mind and Kantian philosophies of Reason/Soul. The three main factors that would be discussed are on the forms or facilities of their main concept, their Trichotomy or three-way classificatory division, the Idealisms where they base their philosophies from and the Dialectics of Hegel and Kant.

Trichotomy, for starters, is a concept used to divide and facilitate categories, parts and the like into three (Collins English Dictionary, 2009). In Philosophy, the main notion of Trichotomy is that it is divided into three parts: Body, Soul and Spirit (Nollie, 2010), and from there it can be said that it further subdivides into newer Trichotomies, depending on the Philosopher who uses it. In...
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