Write a literature review on the relationship between inequality and a social problem.
This essay is going to give an overview of the book The Spirit Level (Wilkinson and Pickett) outline the arguments and main findings as well as critically analysing the sources and methods used. With using one specific chapter from the book, (mental health) this essay will again identify and analyse the findings and methods of research used comparing other sources of research and the reliability of the findings, along with a research log to identify how the chapter has been researched. Moreover this essay will explore how research and evidence can and has informed and developed practice, policy and services with a conclusion of the findings. The Spirit Level, a book composed by R Wilkinson and K Pickett, with disciples in influential positions such as David Cameron and Edd milliband (Mukul Devichand). The book contains research carried out by Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett which states its findings show that amongst the richest countries it is the more unequal ones that do worse according to almost every quality of life indicators. To support their argument they use data from 23 countries using the ratio of the income from the top and bottom 20 per cent, and conclude that the richer the country the higher the inequality and that inequality actually causes social problems including teenage birth rates, violence, obesity, lower levels of trust and child wellbeing, weakened community life and higher prison rates. In addition it argues that the gap between the rich and poor does matter and it doesn’t just harm the poorer in society it harms every one. The evidence would suggest that as a society grows the gap of inequality gets bigger , that economic growth has a time limit and eventually this has a deprivential affect which affects people at different levels. Its findings suggest that places such as the UK and the USA are more socially competitive places to live other...
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