Injury research paper #3
Injury: Subungual hematoma
Description: a collection of blood (hematoma) underneath a toenail or fingernail (black toenail). It can be extremely painful for an injury of its size, although otherwise it is not a serious medical condition. It is sometimes known as runner's toe or tennis toe. Symptoms:
* Blood underneath the nail of either a finger or toe is a subungual hematoma. * You will have a discoloration of red, maroon, or other dark color beneath the nail after an injury. * The most common symptom is intense pain.
* Pressure generated between the nail and the nail bed, where the blood collects, causes this pain. * The pain may also be caused by other injuries such as a fracture to the underlying bone, a cut in the nail bed, or bruising to the finger or toe itself. Causes: Most often, a subungual hematoma is an immediate consequence of a crush-type injury involving the tip of the finger or toe Athletes at risk: Any athlete, particularly soccer players. Concerns: If a subungual hematoma affects at least 50% of the nail surface, the nail bed is likely to have significant injury. In these cases, nail removal may be necessary, along with stitches to the nail bed. Medication: pain medicine such as morphine
Treatment Plan: A painless and small subungual hematoma usually requires no treatment. However, the pressure generated by pooled blood under the nail can be extremely painful. To relieve the pain, doctors perform decompression, also called trephination, which allows the underlying blood to drain, relieving pressure and pain to the area. What the doctor can do: doctors perform decompression, also called trephination, which allows the underlying blood to drain, relieving pressure and pain to the area. Recovery Time: it ranges from a few weeks to a few months. Websites:...