February 5, 2012
Spina bifida occurs when the bones of the spine do not form properly around part of the baby’s spinal cord. A person with Spina bifida is where the spinal column does not close completely and covers the spinal cord, usually resulting in a protrusion of the spinal cord, its covering, or both (Turnbull, Turnbull, Shank & Smith 2004, pg. 346).
Spina bifida, which is not a progressive condition, has three common forms. The first form is Meningocele which is where cerebral spinal fluid leaks out of the spinal canal causing the area over the baby spine to swell. The second class would be Myelomeningocele. This is where the spinal nerves push out of a segment of the spine, against the underside of the skin. The nerves are often damaged or destroyed. The other one is Occulta. This is the mildest and most common form in which one or more vertebrae are malformed. There is no cure for Spina bifida. The treatment of it depends on the type and severity of the disorder.
There are several common characteristics of a student with Spina bifida. Children with Spina bifida are born with their spinal nerves ending in an outside sack at the lower end of the spine. One characteristic would be Meningocele, bowel and bladder management in Spina bifida. Meningomylocele is the most serious and it can be present with a very large and very dangerous opening with tissue, and nerves protruding through the opening. This causes curvature of the spine, club feet, paralysis, hydrocephalus, and/or mental retardation. Encephalocele is a sac-like protrusion or projection of the brain and the membranes that cover it through an opening in the skull. The result is an opening in the midline of the upper part of the skull, the area between the forehead and nose, or the back of the skull.
Specific physical characteristics Spina bifida is evident from birth. This would include orthopedic...
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