Sample Outline for an Informative Speech
Adapted from a speech by Harinder Kaur
General Purpose: To persuade
Specific Purpose: I want to persuade my audience that smoking is dangerous to both smokers as well as non-smokers and should be banned. Thesis Statement: The California legislature should ban smoking because of its detrimental effects on smokers as well as non-smokers. INTRODUCTION:
Attention Getter: “Some people see things as they are and say ‘Why?’ I dream things that never were and say, ‘Why not?’” (George Bernard Shaw) Psychological Orientation: The issues of crime, gang violence, and drugs in our communities effects everyone. And while many people know that smoking is dangerous to the smoker, most people don’t realize how second hand smoke negatively affects the health of smokers and non-smokers. Clearly, this problem affects all of us, our families and the people we care about. [credibility—concern] Logical Orientation: Today I will talk about the addictive nature of nicotine. Second, I will talk about its harmful effects on the health of non-smokersmost importantly on children, and finally I will propose a solution to this problem. BODY:
I. Smoking is addictive and poses great danger to the health of smokers. (Appeal to the need for health) A. Nicotine—the major component of cigarettes is addictive. 1. 91.3% of smokers tried their first cigarette, 77% became regular smokers, before the age of 20 (American Journal of Public Health, 1993) 2. Confession by the Ligget Group Inc. (San Jose Mercury News, 1997) 3. Wilson administration starts three year plan of $67.5 million (San Jose Mercury New, 1997) B. Nicotine affects the activity of the brain.
1. The limbic system is the part of the brain which controls emotions like happiness, sadness, sexual feeling; interference with limbic system, generates an artificial stimulus. 2. Artificial stimulus provides a false sense of pleasure and satisfaction. Transition: Besides affecting...