Specific Purpose: To inform my audience of an aspect of Chinese culture, which is
is traditional Chinese medicine.
Thesis: Traditional Chinese medicine is found in nearly all countries
today, which I believe would be the result of intercultural
I. Hello! For my presentation, I am going to talk about a certain aspect of Chinese culture, which is traditional Chinese medicine. A. TCM, for short, is a practice still used in modern China and most of the United States. B. There are two types of TCM treatments commonly used today. (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2009) 1. Herbs
C. According to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2009), herbs and acupuncture are the most common; however, other practices include 1. moxibustion
3. Chinese massage
4. mind-body therapy
5. and dietary therapy
D. For this presentation, I will mainly talk about herbs and acupuncture, since it is the most commonly used forms of TCM. II. Herbs and Accupuncture.
A. Both acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine have been used and studied for a wide range of conditions. (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2009) 1. Acupuncture has been used for conditions such as
a. back pain
b. chemotherapy-included nausea
2. Chinese herbal medicine has been used for conditions such as a. Cancer
b. Heart disease
III. According to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2009), TCM is considered a form of alternative medicine. A. Alternative medicine is any healing practice that isn't conventional medicine. B. Alternative medicine may be based on historical or cultural traditions, rather than on scientific evidence. (Hesketh & Zhu, 1997) C. Alternative medicine varies from country to country. (Hesketh & Zhu, 1997)
[I know that culture, especially Chinese culture may differ from town to town in a region as large as China. The main aspects of Chinese culture include its literature, music, cuisine, martial arts, etc., today I am only going to speak to you about one aspect which is our alternative medicine, but their very own medicine.)
I. “China is the only country in the world where Western medicine and traditional medicine are . . . [practiced] . . . alongside each other at every level of the healthcare system.” (Hesketh & Zhu, 1997) A. 40% of all health care delivered in China is Traditional Chinese Medicine. (Hesketh & Zhu, 1997) II. TCM practitioners use a variety of therapies in an effort to promote health and treat disease. The most commonly used are Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture. (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2009) A. Chinese herbal medicine
1. The Chinese materia medica (a pharmacological reference books used by TCM practitioners) contains hundreds of medicinal substances- primarily plants, but also some minerals and animal products- classified by their perceived action in the body. 2. Different parts of plants such as the leaves, roots, stems, flowers, and seeds are used. 3. Usually, herbs are combined in formulas and given as teas, capsules, tinctures, or powders. B. Acupuncture
1. By stimulating specific points on the body, most often by inserting thin metal needles through the skin, practitioners seek to remove blockages in the flow of qi. 2. moxibustion (burning moxa- a cone or stick of dried herb, usually mugwort- on or near the skin, sometimes in conjunction with acupuncture) 3. cupping (appyling a heated cup to the skin to create a slight suction) 4....