Speech Disorders

Topics: Stroke, Phonology, Speech and language pathology Pages: 4 (1300 words) Published: May 7, 2013
Ju’Juanna Lynch
Research Paper: Speech Pathology
Speech Pathology
Speech-Language Pathologists provide a wide range of services, mainly on an individual basis, but also as support for individuals, families, support groups, and providing information for the general public. Difficulties in producing speech sounds can cover a very wide range, from the speech errors that are the result of a cleft palate to the severely unintelligible speech of certain deaf speakers. There is a numerous amount of speech and language disorders. The first type is phonetic disorders. Phonetic disorders is of or relating to speech sounds. Having a direct correspondence between symbols and sounds (Smit 179). An example is, a young woman who distorts the /r/ slightly. In her case, the exact nature of her distortion may be obvious only to a trained listener, and the distortion may not interfere with either her communication or her success on the job. Another example is, a teenage boy who produces /s/ and /z/ laterally. This distortion typically is a very prominent one, and it may interfere with communication by calling a listeners attention to the speech and away from the message. The second type of speech disorder is developmental dysarthria. Developmental dysarthria is any of certain disorders of articulation, as stammering, or stuttering, caused by a nerve detect (Smit 179). An example of Developmental dysarthria is a girl in the second grade who was born with cerebral palsy that resulted in weakness and incardination of the speech production mechanism. She communicates orally, but her speech is effortful and is intelligible only with careful listening. The third type of speech disorder and most common is CVA or Stoke. A stroke is defined by the Stroke Association as a ‘brain attack’, where part of the brain is deprived of oxygen. It is also known as a ‘cerebrovascular accident’ or CVA (Koratamaddi). CVA, Stroke is a sudden disabling attack or loss of consciousness caused...
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