he played the role of being the most influential person to Xerxes & believed Xerxes was the most deserving to become his heir. Herodotus records that the Persians accounted Darius a ‘merchant’ for his great achievements on setting the
empire onto a sound financialfooting. Persians & foreigners also called him ‘Lawgiver’ for his enforcement of the law. On the other hand, Themistocles was so greedy he stooped to dishonest actions such as according to Herodotus he took a bribe of 30
talents to arrange the Greek fleets to stay longer in Artemesium. By P.law, the king must choose his successor before going to war. A Babylonian document claimed Artabazanes as the ‘King’s son of Elam’ in as early as 507BC. Sources differ on Darius’s later decision but Herodotus claims Demaratus an exiled Spartan king influenced Darius by Spartan custom that only the son born after his father became king himself would be eligible to succeed. Olmstead also claimed Darius was under the ‘Great influence
of Atossa’ so she prompted him to select her first son Xerxes. Due to Xerxes’ birth after Darius came to the throne & his royal blood connected to Cyrus the Great, thru Queen Atossa who was Cyrus’ daughter & Xerxes’ mother, Xerxes was crowned
successor. Xerxes must have had an aristocratic education & as Herodotus tells us he was trained ‘to ride, to use the bow & to speak the truth’. Themistocles had a mother of humble birth & he was unashamed of his lack of high-class education as Plutarch
records that he said ‘I may not know how to play the flute or lyre, but I do know how to make a city great’. He was a politician who opposed traditional, conservative & aristocratic families that were suspicious of radical democracy, thus,...