A. Attention-Did you know that in a presidential election, one single vote in Kansas has more power than a single vote casted in Missouri because of the Electoral College? B. Background/Need- This is true according to the article “Electoral College” by Jost Kenneth and Greg Giroux on CQ Researcher. C. SP/CI-We will look at 3 areas: First, how the Electoral College works and why it should be changed. Second, how it should be changed and Third, what you can do to help change it. A. First point-First, How the Electoral College works; Presidential electors are selected on a state-by-state basis, as determined by the laws of each state. Generally, each state except Maine and Nebraska appoints its electors on a winner-take-all basis, based on the statewide popular vote on Election Day. Although ballots list the names of the presidential candidates, voters within the 50 states and Washington, D.C. actually choose electors for their state when they vote for President and Vice President. These presidential electors in turn cast electoral votes for those two offices. Even though the aggregate national popular vote is calculated by state officials and media organizations, the national popular vote is not the basis for electing a President or Vice President. A candidate must receive an absolute majority of electoral votes which is currently 270 to win the Presidency. Maine and Nebraska are the only two states who do it a different way, they use The Congressional District Method which is an alternative way of distributing electoral votes within a state. In a winner-takes-all system, the winner of the statewide popular vote receives all of that state’s electoral votes. Under the Congressional District Method, the electoral votes are distributed based on the popular vote winner within each of the state’s congressional districts; the statewide popular vote winner receives two additional electoral votes. This is how the Electoral College is currently setup. C....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document