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3rd Annual Lecture of the UPSC Lecture Series on Governance
New Delhi 1 December 2011 Creative Leadership: Essence of good governance “Before you do anything, stop and recall the face of the poorest most helpless destitute person you have seen and ask yourself, “Is what I am about to do going to help him?” …Mahatma Gandhi

I am delighted to give the 3rd Annual Lecture on Governance and Public Service organized by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to this audience who are part of the governance system of our great Nation. During the last six decades of Independence, India has established that her core competence is in providing leadership to over one billion people of a democratic country with multi religious, multi lingual and multi cultural characteristics. UPSC has played an important role in selecting and recommended the most talented persons for appointment to various segments of our National governance system. Over the last six decades UPSC has selected nearly quarter of a million candidates, after examining over forty-six million applicants which is equivalent to the entire population of South Africa or England. UPSC has inspite of various factors affecting societal dynamics, has conducted examinations, interviews, personality tests and recommending suitable candidate for Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam www.abdulkalam.com various Services,

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particularly Civil Services dealing with district administration, Law and Order, Agriculture Services, Communication Services, Medical Services, Railway Services and Engineering Services under this intense competition. I would like to congratulate you for having a clean record of selecting the candidate for the required task insulated from societal turbulence. Today I would like to talk on the topic “Creative Leadership: Essence of good governance”. Problem cannot be our master – We Japanese will become the master of the problems On 29th November night, I was returning from Seoul, Republic of Korea to Delhi on a non-stop seven and half hours flight after attending the Eminent Persons Group meeting organized by the President of Republic of South Korea prior to 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit. This meet was attended by top experts in the nuclear field from different countries. The mission of EPG is to establish safety and security guidelines for 539 nuclear power plants spread all over the world. I am not going to talk about the details of that meet, but I would like to mention one incident which was narrated by Prof. Shinichi Kitaoka, a Professor of Faculty of Law, University of Tokyo to me and the EPG members. The professor was narrating the whole scene, the combination of highest intensity earthquake and the tsunami which affected the 40 years old Fukushima nuclear power plant. He said, the world has gone through so far three major nuclear power plant accidents. One in USA, Page 2 of 20

one in former USSR and the latest in Japan. He said, in the Japan accident, even though the Fukushima plant experienced a major natural havoc leading to the major accident of the nuclear power plant, there was no single radiation induced casualty and there was no radiation leakage. Of course, it has generated within Japan and also many parts of the world, a fear about the type of safety in the present and future shore-based nuclear power stations situated in various parts of the world. The most profound statement of Prof Kitaoka, was “two cities of Japan were attacked by nuclear weapons in 1940s. It was a painful tragedy, but Japanese citizens withstood boldly, challenged the problem and within three decades, Japan got transformed into the most industrialized nation in the world. Now, Fukushima nuclear power plant problem is in front of us. We the Japanese will not allow this problem to become our master. With international cooperation, we the Japanese will become the master of the problem, defeat the problem and the world will see clean-green nuclear energy flourishing all...
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