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Spectator Management

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  • Jan. 7, 2013
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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1. Background of the Study

Winning in all the different environments depends on participants’ relative performance. In other words, it does not matter how good you are in absolute terms. For example, how fast you can run 200 metres. But, whether you can run faster than your competitors. In one investigation, a unique opportunity to study the influence of the spectators occurs when the audience prevented from attending the game played by two university basketball teams. The results that indicated from Moore and Brylinksy (1993) showed that the players were performs better than if there are supportive audience at the court.

The relationship between audience support and performance is complicated. The notion was introduced by Baumeister and Steinhilber (1984), whose archival research on baseball World Series and basketball championship series revealed that home teams tended to lose the decisive game of the championship series, in sharp contrast to their winning records in most other games. There are often benefits to supportive audiences is not in doubt.

However, supportive audience will give the paradox influences which means the negative influences to the sport performers especially in sport championship. As stated in research before, participants with supportive audiences actually performed worse on difficult tasks involving skill than participants with unsupportive audiences (Butler and Baumeister, 1998).

Actually, paradoxical is a seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true. Furthermore, it is also can be described as one exhibiting inexplicable or contradictory aspects (Houghton Mifflin Company, 2009). So, here we can say that paradoxical influences of supportive audience on performance athletes are more likely the negative influences or disadvantages of supportive audience to athletes’ performance.

1. Statement of the Problem

The...