Phobia: An excessive fear of a specific object or situation. Phobias are divided into common phobias, or exaggerated fears of things people are afraid of. Phobias are persistent, extreme, irrational fears of certain objects or situations. The 5%-12% of Americans who have phobias have physical and emotional reactions to the objects or situations that they fear. These reactions and the anxiety associated with them can be so overwhelming that people will do all they can to avoid the feared objects or situations. Phobias are irrational fears which make a person so afraid that they sweat, turn white, become cold and in some cases, faint. Some of the things that we see every day can be one of the fears of people around us! 40 out of 100 people in the Philippines have Scoliodentosaurophobia, fear of lizards. Scoliodentosaurophobia is the specific phobia term for fear of lizards while Herpetophobia refers to fear of reptiles in general. While 60 out of 100 people in Manila have Acrophobia, fear of heights. Acrophobia can cause a person to fear a variety of things related to being far from the ground.
The researcher’s goal for this research paper is to know the effects of ones fear to his/her behaviors. To suggest some treatments and preventions to less mental behaviors, specifically “phobias”.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Fear is a normal emotion which warns us of impending danger. When the fear is irrational and intense, then it is classified as a phobia. Phobias are best treated through a combination of exposure therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and relaxation exercises. Other helpful interventions include art therapy, hypnotherapy, basic talk therapy, family support, support groups, and even a change in diet (low sugar and low caffeine).(Randy Dellosa)
Simple or specific phobias have been quite effectively treated with behavior therapy (Marks, 1987). The behaviorists involved in classical conditioning techniques...