Special Populations

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Immigrants and Refugees in the USA
Gerardo Garcia
Ashford University
Special Populations
HCA430
Vicki Sowle
April 04, 2011

Immigrants and Refugees in the USA
One of the major sources of growth in the United States is due to the immigration. There is also a big culture change that the United States is going through because of immigration. Refugees in America does not have a big impact on culture as the immigration has, but refugees are settling in the United States and are becoming part of the culture. Refugees are those persons that are forced out of their country due to fear or because of personal safety because of political, military, or economic hardship (Aday, 2003). The immigrant is not forced out but rather believes that coming to America will have a better future for themselves and their families. What happens with all of the immigrants and refugees is that when they come to the United States they have their own customs on religion, cultural backgrounds and different behaviors that it does affect America in some way. Cultural changes are been accepted more and more because of the growth that immigrants have in the United States the data is has been risen every year. We can look at the immigration and refugees history in the United States to see that every year there the amount of immigrants and refugees is growing. According to book the U.S. Bureau of the Census reports indicates that every decade there is substantial increase on immigrants and refugees. Indicators1961-19701971-19801981-19901991-1998

Total Numbers
Immigrants3,321,7004,493,3007,338,1007,605,077
Refugees 212,843 539,4471,013,620 914,989
If we look at the statistics the amount has immigrants has increased dramatically in the last 10 years around 7.6 million of immigrated persons in the United States (pg 52). This numbers reflect immigrants who has legal documents and are consider legal to live and work in the United States. The other side is that there is in addition estimated half-million persons who immigrated in the United States but don’t have any legal documents to live or work in the United States with the vast majority of whom were from Mexico (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1999e).

In the recent last three years the numbers has grown even more, here are the statistics: The Legal Permanent Resident Flow: Fiscal Years 2008 to 2010: 2010 2009 2008

Total Numbers1,042,6251,130,8181,107,126
New Arrivals 476,049 463,042 466,558
Adj of Status 566,576 667,776 640,568
The information is only for immigrant and not refugees and is based on new immigrants and immigrants that are changing their legal status (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2010).
Refugees are not considered immigrants because they were initially admitted in the United States as refugees. Instead the refugees are allowed to seek permanent residence if they qualify for some type of Act established by the government like Cuban Refugee Act (1966), the Indochinese Refugee Act (1977), and the Refugee Parolee Act (1978), (Aday, 2005). Another Refugee Act of 1980, it defines refugees as asylees. There is a difference on Refugees and Asylees because Asylees can stay in the United States without a permanent residence with only an indefinitely temporary status and these people are allowed to work and live in the United States. But there are few differences then the refugees these people will not be allowed any type of medical government assistance like Medicaid. For this reason most of the asyless do change their status to refugees.

Depending on the years that the world is having the immigrants will come from that particular part of the globe. The highest area the immigrants come from is North America and second to North America is from Asia. There are other countries that immigrants and refugees comes from but not as notable as North America and Asia. For...
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