Special Education Essay

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ARE WE MEETING THE NEEDS OF STUDENTS IN SPECIAL EDUCATION

Research Writing
Instructor: Maryanne Kuzara
March 26, 2010

Students with emotional and behavior disorders are not offered the same education as normal students. Although students with emotional and behavior disorders can be disruptive and cause problems during the educational process, they deserve the same education as all students. Most emotionally disturbed children have an inability to learn. These children have the failure to build or continue satisfactory interpersonal interaction with peers and teachers who may cause problems in the classroom. Children who are emotionally disturbed demonstrate inappropriate types of behavior which affects them in a classroom setting. These children also suffer from depression and unhappiness which also affects them in the classroom. These students suffer from so many problems. How do they get the education they deserve? Students with behavior problems can cause many of problems which will make it difficult to be taught. Most of the time these children are smart academically but their behavior is preventing them completing their class work during school time. Children with behavior problems lack social skills. According to McGrath, H. & Francey, S (1991,par 2), However, while many social skills may be learned implicitly, all children can benefit from being taught social skills explicitly, not only children who are developmentally lagging behind their peers. Social skills are not always learned easily. Some children may require repeated instruction and reinforcement of learning. It is also possible for children to have well-developed social skills in one area but not in another. For example, they may be able to work co-operatively on a group project, but lack the self-confidence to approach a group of children in the playground. Social competence has many domains. They find it difficult making and keeping friends. These children have the lower grade point averages. Two thirds have problems completing competency exams for their grade level. Forty percent fail one or more courses in a school year. They have a high absenteeism rate missing more than 20 days of school. Fifty percent end up dropping out of school. The building blocks of social competence

* Basic interaction skills (e.g., smiling, making eye contact, listening) * Entry/approach skills (how to approach an individual socially or join a group) * Maintenance skills (e.g., how to share, take turns, follow rules, co-operate etc.) * Friendship skills (e.g., how to show appropriate affection, involve others in decision making, be inclusive, etc.) * Conflict resolution (how to manage disagreements in a socially acceptable manner) * Empathy

* Communication of needs and ideas
* Sense of humor
* Assertiveness (how to say no to engaging in dangerous or antisocial behavior, stand up for oneself, etc.)

How does a teacher teach student with these problems. According to McGrath, H. & Francey, S (1991,par 4), Although they do not receive the same attention in the classroom, in many ways social skills are just as important for success as academic skills. The following are some tips on how to teach social skills to children, both at school and in the home.

Teachers need to set goals and expectations. According to McGrath, H. & Francey, S (1991,par 5), Children often need to be given direct, explicit instructions about how to behave in specific social situations. For example, a child may need to be told that it is important to say "hello" back when somebody greets them, or to smile when approaching a child to ask to join in a game. Of course, this kind of instruction is provided all of the time by parents and teachers who remind children to say "thank you" or not to interrupt when someone else is talking. However, there are often significant gaps in this instruction. For example, while most children are...
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