Economy of Maharashtra (Agricultural)
Sr. no.Table of content
1An Introduction to Maharashtra economy
2Chief agriculture patterns
4SEZ (Special Economic Zone)
5Shoshit Shetkari Kashtkari Kamgar Mukti Sangharsh and Sharad Joshi Shetkari Sanghatana 6Co – Operative Movement
We hereby regard our sincere thanks to Prof. Sangeeta Das(Joshi Bedekar College) under whose guidance this project was undertaken which has really explored our real talent. It has been really knowledge sharing experience to make this project. We would also like to thanks our parents who have helped us throughout our project. We would like to thank our friends for their generous support.
An Introduction to Maharashtra economy
Nearly 55 % of the state’s population depends on the agriculture. It is the single largest provider employment rural population. However, the contribution of the agriculture is reducing despite huge spending on agriculture, because of unfavorable agro climatic situation and faster growth of services sector. The yield per hectare (924 kg) of food grains for 05-06 was far below the national average. The growth of the agriculture is important for sustaining food security and improving rural standard of living. Both central and state government are helping in mobilizing resources, creating infrastructure, facilitating easy availability of inputs, supporting research and technology development. The national development council has past the resolution in May 2007 to achieve; 4% growth rate through the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna: Preparations of agricultural, wealth and allied industry plans for the entire states. Set up micro irrigation system
Increase production of cereals, pulses and oilseeds.
To enhance the farmers income through adopting allied activities like animal rearing, dairy development, fishing and sericulture along with agriculture. Help farmers in the marketing of the produce to get fair price. The national bank of agriculture performs the pivotal role in the development of agriculture. The public and private sector plays significant role in distributing of hybrid and improved, certified and quality seeds of various crops. Organic farming is a welcome alternative. It reduces the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides and reduces the cost of cultivation. A number of major, medium minor irrigation perfects have been taken up by the state. The Bharat Nirman Yojna as announced to develop infrastructure in rural areas. Food security mission was launched to increase the production of rice, wheat and pulses. From rabi season. The state government announced a special package of Rs 1,075 crores for 3 yrs and established the Vasantrao Naik Sheti Swavlamban Mission was launched to deal with the problem of suicide of farmers in Vidharbha region. The Prime Minister also announced special rehabitation package of Rs 3750 crores for the same area.
Chief agriculture patterns
Maharashtra as compared to other states is one of the top economic performers with respect to per capita income. However this fact conceals the enormous urban-rural contrast and regional disparities. Agriculture emerges as the key sector in the state especially with reference to the workforce (55% are engaged in agriculture). Over the years, agriculture's contribution to income has rapidly declined but the workforce continues to perpetuate indicating limited employment opportunities in other sectors. In other words, Maharashtra’s economy is predominantly agrarian and barring a few districts (Mumbai, Pune, Thane and Nagpur) a major portion of the workforce is predominantly dependent on...