August 25th, 2009
Period 3- Cordova
Spanish, French, and English Colonization In America
There’s a few explorers, a few countries, and a whole lot of effort that got America started many years ago. From tribes of buffalo hunters, to civil wars, to a world of technology here today, America has gone through many stages, many battles, and many different leaders. At the end of the day the most important years have been the age of colonization in America. If it weren’t for Columbus to Ponce de Leon, we wouldn’t be where we are today. There would have been no Washington and no Obama. It is thanks to the details that we have the country that we do today and there were three different countries who got us where we are. Spain, France and England supplied men with a desire for discovery and new land, and supplied them with the necessities to fulfill an explorers most crucial discovery. All three countries went about this in many different ways as well as so many common reasons. Different leaders, different ships, different intentions, and different lifestyles were all factors included in the colonization of America. The one thing that , and England had in common though was their reason for exploration. They might have differed on styles, religious views, and routes that separated them so much yet at the end of the day all they had on their mind was greed. These three countries came for empire building and ownership of colonies and that‘s what they would get.
The Spanish were the first of the three to arrive at America. Although the Native Americans had already been living there for years, the Spanish set the mark for the Europeans. The exploration began back in the 1400’s and differed from French and England in the sense that Christopher Columbus wasn’t asked and forced to go find more land for his people only for power purposes, but Columbus went on an exploration to spread the word of Christianity. “…As “a people very deficient in everything,” the Tainos would now receive the benefits of Christianity, Spanish rule, and European civilization, whether they wanted these things or not.” ( Boyer pg.24). Columbus shared something in common with France and England. Besides spreading religion and looking to convert others into Christianity, like the others he saw America as an opportunity to conquer land and take over. “Columbus’s landfall at Guanahani marked not only Europe’s discovery of America but also a critical step in the formation of an Atlantic power.” (Boyer pg.24). Along with the conquest of land, came slavery, trading, and the Columbian exchange. “The Columbian Exchange was shaped by the efforts of several European nations to increase their wealth and power by controlling the land and labor of non-Europeans they considered uncivilized.” (Boyer pg.24). Columbus got excited at the idea of gold in the America’s, as Cortés later continues this tradition, and he made sure to put that on his to do list during the colonization of America. Overall, Spain set a mark and a territory in the subjects of religion, gold, slavery, and land. They were at the top of their exploration for the next few years.
Next in line to discover America was France. Only a few years ahead of England, France landed their discovery in 1524. France was different in the sense that this time it was an order from King Francis I to Giovanni de Verrazano to go on this exploration. Verrazano traveled from the North American coast from the Carolinas to Newfoundland. The French had good and both encounters with the Native Americans right away. Jaques Cartier began an exploration himself where he explored Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and sailed the St. Lawrence river near Montreal. “Nova Scotia and the St. Lawrence River valley were the French’s two most important North American outposts. “ (Thwaites pg. 1). Just like Spain the French went straight into the trading business and had a...