Spanish Conquest

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Spanish Conquest
The story of the Spanish conquest over the native peoples of the Americas began in 1492, the Spaniards came from Europe to the Americas in hope of gaining wealth and increasing their social status. The Spaniards who were in the Americas were supposed to be spreading the word of Christianity, but often found the lure of gold and money from encomiendas, but also this conquest effected the Aztec and the Inca Empires.

The Aztecs, part of modern day Mexico, were once the epitome of fine culture. They began their rule of southern and central Mexico during the 14th century and practiced an incredibly wealthy lifestyle. They had powerful families married their children together so that could form alliance with one another in their important cities. Nonetheless, this rule began to deteriorate when Spanish explorers disembarked at Tabasco and Vera Cruz on April 21st 1519. When the Spanish voyagers first arrived, they were welcomed warmly, respectfully and received Godlike treatment. Montezuma, the ruler at that time, believed that the Spanish military leader, Hernán Cortés, was the great god Quetzalcoatl. The Spanish took advantage of this Aztec belief they entered the “Royal House” put Moctezuma under there watch and he was unable to depart and they conquered Mexico within two years. By 1521, the Aztec culture was officially eradicated and a new culture, consisting of a combination of Aztec and Spanish elements, emerged. Hence, the Aztecs and the Spanish acclimatized to each other’s way of life, which resulted in significant changes in both cultures. Although the original system of government was kept, a new concept of hierarchy was implemented. The conquest allowed for both cultures to adopt new foods, animals and linguistics. Christianity however, became a stipulation and the very foundation of the way of life in Mexico. Government is one of the most significant elements required to create a truly organized civilization. Consequently, the...
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