Spanish Colonization of Mexico

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In 1521, the world witnessed the collapse of the illustrious Aztec Empire at the hands of Spanish conquistadors. Spain was looking to colonize as well as to expand and exert its dominance over the newly discovered Western world. Led by Hern¨¢n Cort¨¨s, the conquistadors were carrying a message from Spain of expanding, conquering and capitalizing on an already developed country. Mesmerized by the Spanish presence; the Aztecs were initially oblivious to the colonization efforts. This enabled Spain to take advantage of Mexico¡¯s development and create a dependent relationship between the two countries. Mexico was resistant to the colonization efforts at first; it had educated people, wealth, and sufficient military power to defend itself from the Spanish conquistadors. After time passed, the Spanish began to take control of the Aztec Empire and started the assimilation process. Now at this point it becomes evident that the colonization of New Spain by the Spanish was an example of a dependent relationship because it displays many of the eight major propositions of the dependency theory. As Spanish immigration increased, a social structure or caste system began to solidify. It was setup to have Spanish on top and Mexicans at the bottom; this created a Spanish superiority and an aboriginal inferiority which had no room for moving up in the social hierarchy. Much like the rest of life for the aboriginals, the Spanish were viewed as the entitled, which paved the road for a dependent relationship between the two sides. It now became the subconscious goal of the underprivileged Mexicans to cater to the every need of the Spanish. The gap between the rich and the poor was increased as the inevitable transformation into a dependent relationship was engraved into the socialization of citizens living in New Spain. This embodies the Marxist version of the dependency theory, which states that once a country falls under the influence of an imperialist country, such as Spain,...
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