Spain vs England Colonial Administration

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The discovery of a new world by Christopher Columbus in 1492 opened up new opportunities for trading, conquest, and political success and wealth in the later years. Spain and England found their way to the Americas (by crossing the Atlantic, etc.) and established their own colonies, which were able to give their nations profits. In order to have the imperial power of Spain and England benefit from their colonial establishments, the dependent nations would use their surrounding natural resources which would be then used in trading, selling, and building ships, etc. Although both the British and the Spanish colonies existed for the profit and the power of the core nation, the two nations featured different systems of colonial administration. Spain focused on a centralized colonial administration, giving the crown direct control of the peoples in their colonies through the viceroys (officials) in the New World and the Council of the Indies, whereas British colonies existed under three different kinds of charters: the proprietary charter, royal charter, and charter colonies. Their political administrations each resulted in different effects for their peoples. Mercantilism, however, was a policy shown throughout the Spanish rule in the Southern part of the Americas and the English rule in North America.  

The Spanish colonies in the Americas were established by the explorers sent to explore the newly-discovered lands. Any treasure they were able to find, however, would partially belong to the Spanish crown back in Europe. During the 1500's and 1600's, Spain began to take over Mexico City and Peru. Hernando Cortez was able to control and conquer the Aztecs. Ingeniously, he joined with tribes that disliked the Aztec rule, and therefore they were able to overthrown Tenochtitlan. In Mexico City, the with the Royal Council of the Indies, the viceroys of New Spain appointed officials or inspectors. For example, Indians would be expected to work in the mills. The viceroys...
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