• Muslim conquest of Spain brought paper making to Europe
• Both Spain and Italy claim to be the first to manufacture paper in Europe
• One of the first paper mills in Europe was in Xativa, Spain
• The first wire mold for making paper is identified in Spain dating to 1150.
• 1276 decline of manufacture in Spain
|1150 |First papermill established in Spain at Xativa. El-Edrisi said of the Spanish city of Xátiva: "Paper is there| | |manufactured, such as cannot be found anywhere else in the civilized world, and is sent to the East and to | | |the West." Early paper was at first disfavored by the Christian world as a manifestation of Moslem culture, | | |and a 1221 decree from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II declared all official documents written on paper to be| | |invalid. (The interests of wealthy European landowners in sheep and cattle for parchment and vellum may also | | |have exerted some influence.) Only with the rise of the printing press in the mid 1400's change European | | |attitudes toward paper. |
• By the third century, the manufacture and use of paper was widespread in China and had spread to Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. In 751, some Chinese paper makers were captured by Arabs, and the first Arab paper was created in Samarkand. Production of paper spread to Spain in 1150, and soon displaced the use of hides and parchment as writing materials in Europe. The introduction of paper was a catalyst that brought about the rapid spread of literacy...