The Union of Soviet Socialists Republic, now known as Russia and the United States had been disagreeing on things since 1917. When World War II ended in 1945, the Cold War began. The Cold War was not a real war, but more like a competition over military leadership. It was more of a political battle than an actual warfare fight. One of the main disagreements between the United States and the Soviets was on the type of government; The U.S.S.R. was governed by communism, and the U.S. is a democratic nation based on a republic. The Soviets defend their protected areas by controlling them both governmentally and through public sources of information (media), the United States worked inside the states and as far globally as possible to convince and assure all nations and peoples that independence and democracy was a safe and preferred system of government. These disagreements, along with mistrust, rumors, and misunderstandings, started the Cold War.
The Soviets launched the first rocket called Sputnik 1 which was the size of a basketball and orbited around Earth for three months. Some weeks after that, they launched Sputnik 2 but this time it carried a passenger. The passenger was a dog named Laika. Three months later since Sputnik 2, the United States launched a satellite called Explorer 1. Explorer 1 went into a higher orbit than the previous satellites mentioned and discovered radiation about nine-hundred sixty kilometers above Earth. Then in April 1961 the Soviets sent the first man into space. Cosmonaut Yuri Gagari was sent to space in the Vostok. Gagari only remained for less than two hours in space. Less than a month later, Alan Shepard was sent to space being the first astronaut from the United States to be sent to outer space. Shepard only remained in space for fifteen minutes.
On May 25, 1961 President John F. Kennedy announced the goal of sending an American to the moon before the end of the decade. He wanted to catch up and succeed the...
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