Soyabean Industry

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  • Topic: Soybean, Soy milk, Soy protein
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SOYBEAN INDUSTRY IN INDIA

Ranjan Kotian
Consultant - India
2008

Contents
Soybean – An understanding
Industry Profile
Target Potentiality (Deleted)
Deal Street

1

Soybean – An Understanding

Soybean
• The soybean (U.S.) or soya bean (UK) (Glycine
max) is a species of legume native to East Asia
• A cream-coloured oval bean about the size of a
common pea
• Soybeans are grown primarily for meal, and oil
is a secondary product
• During processing, the soybeans are cracked to
remove the hull and then rolled into full-fat
flakes. The rolling process disrupts the oil cells,
facilitating solvent extraction of the oil. After
the oil has been extracted, the solvent is
removed, and the flakes are dried, creating
defatted soy flakes. While most of the defatted
soy flakes are further processed into soybean
meal for animal feeding, the flakes can be
ground to produce soy flour, sized to produce
soy grits or texturized to produce textured
vegetable protein (TVP) for food uses.

3

Origin and Spread of Soyabean
• Soybean production was localized in China until after the ChineseJapanese war of 1894-95, when the Japanese began to import soybean oil cake for use as fertilizer
• Europeans had been aware of soybeans as early as 1712 through the writing of a German botanist
• Some soybean seed may have been sent from China by missionaries as early as 1740 and planted in France
• Shipments of soybeans were made to Europe about 1908, and the soybean attracted worldwide attention
• The soybean was a recent introduction to India, probably introduced into India from China, Japan and South east Asia via the Naga Hills and Manipur, at the far eastern tip of India
• In India Soybean cultivation is introduced in 1977
• Production of soybean in India at the present time is restricted mainly to Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat
• It is also grown on a small acreage in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Delhi

4

Soybean Value Chain

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Green Soybean

Dried & Extracted Soybean

Crushed & Processed Soybean

Vegetable

Soy Oil, Soy Milk, Soy Dal

Soy Meal, Soy Curd, Soy Flour
5

Soybean – Golden Bean of 20th Century
• Soyfoods are a source of high Quality Protein
• In 1999 The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) announced that food containing soy protein may reduce the risk of coronary heart diseases
• Soybean is viewed as alternative HRT [Hormone replacement therapy (menopause)] in large part because it is a unique natural source of Isoflavones
• Soy food such as Tofu, Soy Milk, Soy Flour and Soy Nuts have isoflavones contains of about 37 to 180 mg per ounce
• Soybeans have favourable nutrient profile for heart health, decreasing negative effect of menopause, reduction of cancer, Dibetes, kidney diseases and allergies
• According to FDA, Soy proteins lowers the serum Cholesterol; Soyfood provide high quality protein without saturated fat and cholesteroal
• Soy food contains anti-carunogens that have proved to be protective against cancer • Recent Clinical trials have shown that consumption of soy protein compared to other proteins such as from milk or meat can lower total LDL(Low-density lipoprotein) -cholesterol level

Major constituents of Soybean

6

Industry Profile

Global Scenario

221.62

236.05

220.56

215.72

186.53

150
100
50
0

2007-2008
(Projection)

2006-2007

2005-2006

• oil recovery is 17-18%
• the meal forms around 80%

200

2004-2005

• 85% of the world’s production is
crushed for oil

250

2003-2004

• Account 57% of total oilseed
production in the world

World Soybean Production
Quantity in Million Tonnes

• Soybean is one of the major oilseed
crops in the world
• It is cultivated extensively in south
Asian countries and U.S.A.

Years

Major Soybean producing Countries

• Major players include:







Ruchi Soya (India)
J-Oil Mills Inc...
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