3. Analyze the ways in which the cold war affected the political development of European nations from the end of the Second World War in 1945 to the construction of the Berlin wall in 1961. From 1945 to 1961, the cold war affected the political development of European nations by causing the formation of the Iron Curtain, which was the division of a free, democratic West and a totalitarian East. Socially, NATO and the COMECON were established, which formed the west and east into different blocs. Politically, the soviet assertion of dominance in Eastern Europe gained momentum in Eastern Europe and economically, Germany was separated into two separate states. Socially
-NATO= North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Included Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Iceland, Greece, Turkey, West Germany, Canada and the US. This agreement committed its members to mutual assistance is anyone was attacked and transformed the West into a bloc. NATO also provided cooperation in economic and military matters. -COMECON=Council of Mutual Assistance. Alliance system between the Eastern European states under the rule of the Soviet Union to integrate their economies. It was controlled by local communist parties from Moscow and the Warsaw Pact gave formal recognition to this system. This divided Eastern Europe into a bloc. Politically
-The Soviets found numerous supporters in Eastern Europe among those segments of the population that had opposed the right wing movements in those countries before the war. Stalin then formed the Cominform, the Communist Information Bureau that was dedicated to spread revolutionary communism all over the world. This also ended the era of the popular front, which was when noncommunists tried to cooperate with communist parties. The communists also expelled the democratic members of the coalition government. Czechoslovakia was then brought under Soviet control and it was then clear that there would be no...
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