Southwest Asia

Topics: United Arab Emirates, Iran, Middle East Pages: 5 (1009 words) Published: October 6, 2011
Southwest Asia is the term geographers’ use when referring to the Middle East. "Middle East" is a political term coined by the British in the 1930's to distinguish the region from both the Far East, which included China, Japan and Indochina, and the Near East, which included portions of Western Europe. All of these areas are truly only "east" of Europe. In order to emphasize a more global perspective, geographers prefer to use the politically neutral term "Southwest Asia" because it does not connote a Western European bias.


Southwest Asia is consist of the following countries:

1. Armenia
2. Azerbaijan
3. Bahrain
4. Cyprus
5. Georgia
6. Iraq
7. Israel
8. Jordan
9. Kuwait
10. Lebanon
11. Oman
12. Palestine
13. Qatar
14. Saudi Arabia
15. Syria
16. Turkey
17. United Arab Emirates
18. Yemen

The region is the historical birthplace of Abraham religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Today, the region is almost 93% Muslim and is dominated by Islamic politics. Culturally, the region is Turkish, Arab and Persian. Iraq is a unique example of Persian, Turkish and Arab culture. Many of the Arab countries are desert and thus many nomadic groups exist today. On the other hand, modern metropolises also exist on the shifting sands: Abu Dhabi, Amman, Riyadh, Doha and Muscat. The climate is mostly of a desert climate however some of the coastal regions have a more temperate climate. On the other hand, the Anatolian plateau (Turkey, Georgia, Armenia) is very mountainous and thus has a more temperate climate while the coasts have a distinct Mediterranean climate. The Persian Plateau  (Iran, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Iraq and Turkmenistan) has a diverse terrain, it is mainly mountainous with portions of desert, steppe and tropical on the coast of the Caspian Sea. West Asian cuisine is a fusion of Turkish, Arabian, North African and Persian cuisine. It is immensely rich and diverse. The literature is also immensely rich with Arabic, Turkish and Persian literature dominating. One of the most famous literary works of West Asia is 1001 Arabian Nights.

Top 5 Tourist Destinations In Southwest Asia:

1. Dubai City Festival in United Arab Emirates


Dubai Festival City is a 1300 acre, premier waterfront urban community that has been designed to capture the ground breaking 21st Century spirit of Dubai. It offers a rich and vibrant living experience that interconnects the finest, easily accessible: • Shopping - Festival Centre

• Dining - largest F&B offering in Dubai
• Entertainment & Leisure
• Residential Community - Villas, apartments & duplexes • Schools - Two international schools
• Hospitality - InterContinental and Crowne Plaza Hotels • Commercial Offices
• Automotive
• Infrastructure
• 24/7 City Management

2. Mecca in Saudi Arabia


Mecca is a city in the Hijaz and the capital of Makkah province in Saudi Arabia. The city is located 73 km (45 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. Its resident population in 2008 was 1.7 million, although visitors more than double this number every year during Dhu al-Hijjah.

3. Green Island in Kuwait


Green Island is a part of the Sea Front constructed in February of 1988. It is the first artificial island in the Gulf region. The island covers an area of 785,000m² with a diameter of 3.14KM and a circumference of 1.5 km. It is linked to the main land by an access way 134 m long.

The Green Island includes many touristic facilities such as:

• An artificial lake filled with water from the Gulf that flows in by taking advantage of the tide. • Restaurants and cafes.
• The Roman Amphitheater with a capacity of 700 viewers that organizes entertainment, dancing and musical event. • A tower that overlooks the island and offers visitors a panoramic view 35 meters above sea level. • The ‛Kids...
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