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Southern Culture

By | April 2012
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There are many different things about the south in the mid 1900’s and the south after the civil war but there were also some similarities. All in all African Americans were treated very poorly in both era’s.

After the Civil War there were laws passed to give equal right to the blacks, but blacks were still not treated the same. These laws would make former slaves owners get rid of all there slaves. They now also had to let them vote, run for office, and learn. After the Civil War, although slaves were freed, whites were still treating blacks unfairly. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. constitution helped blacks get their equal rights. These amendments stated that it was illegal to own slaves, any person born in the U.S. was a U.S. citizen, and any male citizen could vote no matter what race they were. The Reconstruction Acts also helped blacks gain equality. These acts made sure the south let blacks be part of political decisions. After Reconstruction ended, though, other races and groups tried to stop blacks from using their new rights. Groups like the Ku Klux Klan threatened to keep them from being treated equally. Many blacks, like Homer Plessey, fought for same equal rights as whites. “In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the U.S. Supreme Court decided that a Louisiana law mandating separate but equal accommodations for blacks and whites on intrastate railroads was constitutional. This decision provided the legal foundation to justify many other actions by state and local governments to socially separate blacks and whites. Plessy v. Ferguson was overturned in 1954 by Brown V. Board of Education.” (Thomas Zimmerman).

Brown V. Board of Education. “Black children were denied admission to public schools attended by white children under laws requiring or permitting segregation according to the races. The white and black schools approached equality in terms of buildings, curricula, qualifications, and teacher salaries.”...

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