South Sudan

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  • Topic: Development, International development, Millennium Development Goals
  • Pages : 18 (6162 words )
  • Download(s) : 175
  • Published : October 28, 2012
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Table of Contents
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1. Introduction........................................................................................ 3 Part A development Plan
2. Background........................................................................................ 3 3. South Sudan Development Plan........................................................ 6 3.1 Rural Development.......................................................................... 7 3.2 Social and Human Development..................................................... 7 3.3 Education........................................................................................ 9 3.4 Health Care.................................................................................... 12 3.5 Industrial Development Framework............................................... 13 3.5.1 Alignment of Trade and Industry................................................ 14 3.5.2 Infrastructure, Power and Land.................................................. 16 3.5.3 Development of Education and Skills........................................ 17 Part B: Recommendations

4. Industry and Trade........................................................................... 18 5. Social and Human Development...................................................... 19 6 Rural Development........................................................................... 20 7. Urbanisation..................................................................................... 21 8. Education......................................................................................... 22

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9. Health Care...................................................................................... 23 10. Summary and Conclusion............................................................. 24 11. References................................................................................... 25

1. Introduction
After many years of civil war, South Sudan emerged with extremely poor infrastructure and a population with limited human capital. The civil war has destroyed the socio-economics of Southern Sudan, making almost the entire population of the region depends on food reliefs, even after the return of peace. The country is now on the path of restoration and development with the hopes of achieving sustainable economic growth and investment in its industries. The country has however had many restraints in establishing conditions for such growth and improving the delivery of public goods and services. This paper looks at the various development programmes that South Sudan has planned according to the South Sudan Development Plan (SSDP) which incorporates the Industrial Development Framework (IDF), in order to restore and develop the country. Firstly a brief background on the country is given where the focus is on the history and present challenges. The different development programmes and plans are then investigated. This is followed by a set of Recommendations of how the country could further increase development for different focus areas.

Part 1
2. Background
The Republic of South Sudan is the youngest country in Africa. No state existed in the territory before the European scramble for Africa. The area only consisted of small, medium and large nationalities that coexisted. The indigenous populations and their territories remain largely the same to date. South Sudan became the main source of trade commodities such as slaves, gold, ivory and timber upon European arrival.  Modern South Sudan emerged during the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium (1898-1955), upon the break-up of the Ottoman Empire. Britain and Egypt colluded to occupy Sudan with separate administrative arrangements for the north and south. After the defeat of the Mahdist army in 1898 during the battle of Omdurman, North Sudanese accepted the rule of the new Anglo-Egyptian regime. However, South Sudanese rejected the regime and continued to...
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