South Asia Human Rights Index 2008

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SOUTH ASIA Human Rights Index 2008

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SOUTH ASIA Human Rights Index 2008

ASIAN CENTRE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

SOUTH ASIA Human Rights Index 2008

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SOUTH ASIA HUMAN RIGHTS INDEX - 2008 First published 1 August 2008 © Asian Centre for Human Rights, 2008. No part of this publication can be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior permission of the publisher. This report is being published with the financial assistance from the Regional Office for South and Central Asia of Save the Children-Sweden based in Kathmandu, Nepal

ISBN : 978-81-88987-17-7

Price Rs.: 795/-

Published by: Asian Centre For Human Rights C-3/441-C, Janakpuri, New Delhi - 110058, India Phone/Fax: +91 11 25620583, 25503624 Website: www.achrweb.org Email: suhaschakma@achrweb.org

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SOUTH ASIA Human Rights Index 2008

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Preface ........................................................................................................ 1 South Asia Human Rights Violators Index-2008 ....................................... 6 Sri Lanka .................................................................................................... 11 Bangladesh ................................................................................................. 29 Bhutan ........................................................................................................ 49 Pakistan ...................................................................................................... 59 Maldives ..................................................................................................... 83 Nepal .......................................................................................................... 93 India ........................................................................................................... 113 Afghanistan ................................................................................................ 155 Conclusion and recommendations .............................................................. 177

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SOUTH ASIA Human Rights Index 2008

prEFACE
The South Asia Human Rights Index 2008 covers key human rights events of 2007 in the South Asian sub-region. This is the second regional report by ACHR. This series is the first of its kind by any organisation or institution in the South Asian sub-region. The report indexes the human rights records of the member States of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) - the subregional inter-governmental organisation. Indexing human rights records of the governments is a controversial exercise as there are no foolproof or universally acceptable yardsticks to measure records. Given the scale of the task, this report is not exhaustive but rather aims to chronicle patterns, practices and the implications for the concerned countries. While this report is an index, it also demonstrates that all South Asian countries have serious human rights problems. A regional analysis also shows a high level of commonality in human rights patterns. Discrimination is endemic, institutionalised and in many cases legalised. Human rights violations are integral to counterinsurgency operations conducted by the military in the sub-region. Human rights are routinely violated in police detention including the routine use of torture. National security laws tend to be poorly framed, routinely abused and used as blanket cover to silence legitimate dissent rather than tackle security. These are not the assertions of one organisation but repeatedly confirmed by national and regional and international NGOs and the various UN bodies established to monitor human rights. Human rights activism follows the dictum that each and every violation of human rights deserves equal attention, condemnation and demands measures to be taken to prevent its occurrence. Many...
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