South and Slave Controversy from 1793 to 1860

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Controversy arouse in from the years 1793 to 1860 on a wide scale of topics regarding the Slavery as well as North and South arguments lead to impact America throughout these years. Controversy and discussion, even war, were brought about with how the topics such as how cotton developed the “Cotton Kingdom”, the aristocrats of the south, slavery and its systems, how slaves were treated, abolitionism, and the effects of antislavery on the North and South were handled. All of the topics discussed are vital parts that helped to lead the United States into Civil War in 1861.

During this time period in the U.S. History cotton became the biggest agricultural product in the world. The states that produced it where able to pour out loads and loads of the precious fiber everyday. Cotton ended up accounting for half of Americas overall exports and the South, due to the much needed slave labor, was able to produce over half of the worlds cotton putting them in a powerful position and in away holding the importers of their precious cargo loyal to them. Britain became very close to the exporters of cotton, the South, because at the time it was one of the most imported goods to the country and provided work in the cotton industry for more than twenty percent of the British population. This particular tie to the cotton made the South very popular and they knew it. Not only did the British rely on the South for their cotton industry but the North also was able to profit form the money they made by shipping cotton to England. To be able to achieve such a great “Cotton Kingdom” however America needed a workforce, and “with the slave organizations already adapted to the cultivation of tobacco, the plantations were readily changed over to cotton, ...” (Moore 77). During this outbreak, for the need of cotton, Southerners had to accommodate their new cotton orders by buying more slaves as well as more land to work on. “The prosperity of both North and South-and of England, too- rested on the bent backs of enslaved bondsmen” (Bailey, Kennedy, & Andrew, 372).

The South was considered by historians to be less of a democracy during the time period before the Civil War. They say that it was more closely related to being an oligarchy because of how it was run by a select group of few individuals, a group of about “1,733 families who owned more than 100 slaves each”, were considered, “the cream of the political and and social leadership of the section and nation” (Bailey et al., 373). This became to be know as the “cottoncracy”. These elite Southern families were able to use their money to provide an easy life and time to study and talk about politics. They were also able to send their children to very good schools over seas or Northern so that they could become well educated and have higher paying jobs. These “Southern planter aristocrats” (Bailey et al., 373), were also able to put more higher ranking officials in government before 1860. But this “aristocracy” began to damage the government and also spread the distance between the rich and poor. This separation of wealth came about because of how the Southern aristocrats in government made all of the decisions in favor of themselves and their own causes. The public schools were also damaged because of the fact that these plantation families were sending their children to private “institutions” and no longer payed needed tax money to the public schools.

Along with the men making decisions on how to spend their profits and making decisions in government the women were left to in a way “govern” a large household “staff” of slaves, of which were mostly females. The mistress, “even in the most deluxe of plantations, the mistress of the house was expected to run the household, make clothes, darn socks, make soap, make butter and cream, plan and fix meals, educate children, and keep the valuables locked from the household help” (The Plantation Mistress). These women were in some ways “held captive”...
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