South America's Amazon Rain Forest

Topics: Brazil, Amazon Rainforest, Rainforest Pages: 2 (716 words) Published: March 25, 2012
* Located in South America, the Amazon Rainforest spans over the Amazon basin of South America, stretching over 2.1 million square miles. * The Amazon Rainforest spans over nine countries, including Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. * 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is contained within the borders of Brazil. * The map coordinates of the Amazon Rainforest center is 3° 9′ 36″ S, 60° 1′ 48″ W. * The region has an average temperature range of 68-93 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the year, and rarely moves outside that range. * The average humidity range of the region varies between 77-88%, depending on the season * The region is near the equator, so sunlight is above average. However, only 3% of actual sunlight makes it to the lowest levels of the forest. * Average rainfall per year in the Amazon Rainforest is in excess of 100 inches. * The biodiversity is amongst the highest of any ecosystem in the world. * The region is home to roughly 2.5 million insect species and some 2,000 birds and mammals. * So far, more than 40,000 plant, 2,200 fishes, 1,200 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles have been identified in this region.(1) * It is estimated that one square mile of the region may contain more than 1,000 different species of tree. * The region is also abundant in species that are predatory. This includes jaguars, cougars, and anacondas. In the river, electric eels, and the forest contains many species of poison frogs and vampire bats. * The Amazon Rainforest has long been home to many indigenous people that have learned to live in the ecosystem and live off its renewable resources. * Many of the world’s medicines and antibiotics come from the rainforest. * Unfortunately, the impact of humans on the Amazon Rainforest and other rainforests through deforestation has been devastating. Deforestation has caused some rainforests to disappear completely,...
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