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Ernesto “Che” Guevara

Ernesto Guevara was born in l928. When he was two years old, he moved to Cordoba, Spain, because of his asthma. As he grew up, he watched the Spanish refugees from the Spanish Civil War fight against the fascist dictator, Francisco Franco. Ernesto was influenced by the war and the refugees. He began to hate military politicians, the U.S. dollar, and parliamentary democracy. Ernesto's parents were both anti Franco activists.

In Buenos Aires, Ernesto went to medical school. He graduated in l953. After several years, Ernesto went to Guatemala writing articles on the Inca and Myan ruins. During his stay in Guatemala, he had the chance to become goverment medical personnel. He refused this chance because he did not want to join the Communist party. Therefore, he was penniless for a number of years. Shortly thereafter, Ernesto met one of Fidel Castro's lieutenants with whom he fled to Mexico City.

In Mexico City, he also met Fidel Castro, and his brother Raul. In Fidel Castro, he saw a great Marxist leader that he was seeking. Guevara joined Castro followers at a farm where they were training for guerrilla war tactics. The tactics were those first used by Mao Tse-Tung. At this time, Ernesto Guevara first was nick named "Che", which is Latin for pal.

The group invaded Cuba, where Che was commander of the revolutionary army. From then on, he was known as the most aggressive, clever and successful guerrilla officer. He also got the reputation for cold-blooded cruelty. One reason for this reputation was because of his orders to mass execute followers of the former Cuban president Batista. Thereafter, Che Guevara was second only to Castro in the government of Cuba.

After April of l965, Guevara disappeared from the public eye. Castro dropped his association with Che because of Che's criticism of Soviet communism. Che's plan at that time was to bring about Marxism by starting a world-wide revolution. He went around the world with forces...
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