Sources of Water

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An issue of water from the earth; a spring; a fountain.

A pit or hole sunk into the earth to such a depth as to reach a supply of water, generally of a cylindrical form, and often walled with stone or bricks to prevent the earth from caving in.


An artificial channel filled with water and designed for navigation, or for irrigating land, etc.

A tube or duct; as, the alimentary canal; the semicircular canals of the ear.

Tube wells:
A well made by driving a tube into the earth to a stratum that bears water

A large, often metallic container for holding or storing liquids or gases. A usually artificial pool, pond, reservoir, or cistern, especially one used to hold water for drinking or for irrigation.


A barrier constructed across a waterway to control the flow or raise the level of water. A body of water controlled by such a barrier. A barrier against the passage of liquid or loose material, as a rubber sheet used in dentistry to isolate one or more teeth from the rest of the mouth.

Rain water harvesting:

Rainwater harvesting is the accumulating and storing, of rainwater.[1] It has been used to provide drinking water, water for livestock, water for irrigation or to refill aquifers in a process called groundwater recharge. Rainwater collected from the roofs of houses, tents and local institutions, or from specially prepared areas of ground, can make an important contribution to drinking water.

River lift systems:

Here water is directly drawn from the rivers for supplementing irrigation in regions near the river. This system is adopted when canal flow is insufficient or irregular due to inadequate reservoir release..
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