SOURCES OF ACADEMIC STRESS – A STUDY ON MANAGEMENT STUDENTS. 1
Purna Prabhakar Nandamuri1 and Gowthami Ch2 Asst.Professor, ITM Business School; Hunter Road, Warangal - 506001. A.P. India. 2 Lecturer, ITM Business School; Hunter Road,Warangal - 506001. A.P. India.
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to explore the components of academic stress among the post graduate management students. Academic stress among students has long been researched on, and researchers have identified different stressors. The study further tries to make an in-depth investigation into each component of academic stress such as curriculum and instruction, team work related issues, assessment, and placement, to identify the micro issues that are causing stress. Around twelve micro issues have been identified under the curriculum and instruction component while four stressors were prioritized related to team work; five sub issues regarding assessment and three micro issuses under placement components of academic stress. The sample comprises of 500 postgraduate management students from various management institutes spread across the Warangal district of Andhra Pradesh in India. Data was collected through self designed academic stress questionnaire based on previous models available. Keywords: Stress; Academic stress; Student stress; Stress among management students; 1. Introduction: Stress is a necessary and unavoidable concomitant of daily living-necessary because without some stress we would be listless and apathetic creatures, and unavoidable because it relates to any external event, be it pleasurable or anxietyproducing. A person's response towards stress depends on whether an event is appraised as a challenge or a threat (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). Challenging stimulus can lead to positive outcomes such as motivation and improved task performance while threatening ones or distress can result in anxiety, depression, social dysfunction and even suicidal intention. Along with the improvements during the scientific era and the rapid development of information, competitiveness among people has become increasingly intense, as a consequence, people have become busier and, therefore, stress is a natural consequence. Even though appropriate stress is a juncture for self- growth, it is also a motivation for people to progress actively. It not only affects our thoughts and feelings but our behavioural models, as well. However, overstress causes problems and discomfort, and can have serious effects on people. Specifically, student faces the stress when they enter a completely new world of professional education. Stress has become an important topic in academic circles. Many scholars in the field of behavioural science have carried out extensive research on stress and its outcomes and concluded that the topic needed more attention (Agolla, 2009). Stress in academic institutions can have both positive and negative consequences if not well managed (Stevenson & Harper, 2006). Academic institutions have different work settings compared to nonacademic and therefore one would expect the difference in symptoms, causes, and consequences of stress (Chang & Lu, 2007). It is important to the society that students should learn and acquire the necessary knowledge and skills that will in turn make them contribute positively to the development of the general economy of any nation. It is important for
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the institutions to maintain well balanced academic environment conducive for better learning, with the focus on the students’ personal needs. Students have different expectations, goals, and values that they want to fulfill, which is only possible if the students’ expectations, goals, and values are integrated with that of the institution (Goodman, 1993). 2. Academic Stress: Academic stress among students have long been researched on, and researchers have identified stressors as too many assignments, competitions with other...