Source Evaluation and Summaries
“Historians use a wide variety of sources to answer questions about the past” (Primary Sources, p.1).Documentary and artifactual data includes texts, photos, and other items from the site that they are being collected from, analyzed and reviewed. By reviewing the documents artifacts and materials of a site provides the historian with a method of gaining information and may offer other forms of information that is unavailable from other data sources. Historians use both primary and secondary sources in their research. “The distinction between primary and secondary sources is a basic aspect of the study of history” (Secondary Sources, p. 1). “Primary sources are the actual records that have survived from the past, such as letters, photographs, articles of clothing” (Primary Sources, p.1). “Secondary sources are accounts of the past created by people writing about events some time after they happened” (Secondary Sources, p. 1). On September 12, 2001, the American Folklife Center e-mailed the primary document, “Call for Participation”, by Peggy Bulger and Ann Hoog retrieved from the American Memory website was a document that was created to persuade individuals from around the country to document on audio tape the immediate reactions of the American people to the September eleventh terrorist attack. Saying that time was of the essence, they asked all that would to do so. These audio tapes would be placed in the Center’s Archive of Folk Culture, where they would be preserved and made available to the public and to future generations. This was a similar message to the one that was sent out on December 8, 1941 by Alan Lomax after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. These audio tapes would be housed in the Center’s Archive of Folk Culture where they would be an invaluable resource and part of our American legacy (Bulger, P. & Hoog, A., 2001). The secondary source, “Terror and Ethnocentrism: Foundations of American Support...
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