Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician and statesman who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was educated at the University of Southern California, the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, after which he trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn. Bhutto was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)— the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan— and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979. His eldest daughter, Benazir Bhutto, would also serve as Prime minister, while his son Murtaza Bhutto, served as member of Parliament of Pakistan. He was noted for his progressive economic initiatives, industrialization, education, energy and foreign policy, and his intellectualism. In addition to national security issues, Bhutto promoted his policies on the nationalization, health care, and social reforms. He entered national politics as one of President Iskander Mirza's cabinet members, before being assigned several ministries during President Ayub Khan's military rule from 1958. Appointed Foreign Minister in 1963. After the Tashkent Agreement, Bhutto fell out with Ayub and resigned. He founded the PPP in 1967, contesting general elections held by President Yahya Khan in 1970.
In the 1970 elections, the Awami League in East Pakistan won an absolute majority of all seats in Pakistan, while Bhutto won the majority of seats in West Pakistan. While the Yahya Khan regime was hesitantly willing to hand over power to the Awami League, Bhutto insisted that the PPP had to be granted key portfolios in a power sharing agreement. The Awami League's 6 points were a key issue, and eventually negotiations between the Awami League, the PPP and the Army broke... [continues]
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