Sophists (fl. 5th century B.C.)
In Ancient Greece, Sophists were considered as teachers who had specialized in the using of philosophy and rhetoric to teach virtue to the young and noble. Sophists were told to be deceptive. In the 5th century B.C., a sophist tended to denote a class of intellectual people who taught courses as well as speculated about the nature of language and culture and used rhetoric to achieve their purposes and persuade other people. Some sophists had claimed that they can use their philosophy to answer any question you can give them. Most of the sophists had required a price for them to teach because of they thought the importance of skills in the life of Athens. The Sophists' practice of questioning the existence and deities as well as the heavens and earth gave a huge reaction against them. More Sophists were Protagoras, Gorgias, Prodicus, Hippias, Thrasymachus, Lychophron, Callicles, Antiphon, and Cratylus. Socrates didn't accept any fee but professed a self-effacing posture and talked about Sophists and even mentioned that they were better educators that he was. Some consider him to be a sophist while others like himself do not. Plato, a student of Socrates, describes Socrates as proving some sophists wrong in several Dialogues. Plato was the reason of the view saying the sophist is a greedy instructor who used different ways of saying certain things to decieve into making people think the wrong way. A sophist isn't considered truthful or full of justice but very hungry for power. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle challenged the philosophical foundations of sophism. The sophists' rhetorical ways were useful for anyone looking to join the office. Sophists had been a big influence to the Athenian political system. They weren't exactly responsible for the government but they played a big role in it growing. Sophists' were a huge impact to law because they were the first lawyers because of their agrumentative skills.
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