Sophies World Outline

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Chapter 4: The Natural Philosophers
Charles Williams
Madison Smith
Anisha Jagannthan
introduction: The idea that nothing can come from nothing is introduced. Sophie questions whether all things come from a basic element. She learned that things in nature are in a constant state of transformation. Is there a beginning of everything? What do you believe it to be?

introduction: The idea that nothing can come from nothing is introduced. Sophie questions whether all things come from a basic element. She learned that things in nature are in a constant state of transformation. Is there a beginning of everything? What do you believe it to be?

Yanotan Zelink  

I. event one
A. Sophie receives a letter containing three new questions. Which she contemplates an entire day before getting another packet with a letter explaining to her that the philosophy course will be going from ancient Greek philosophy up to present day philosophy. B. She learns that the ancient Greeks believed the world was eternal. “The earliest Greek Philosophers are sometimes called natural philosophers because they were mainly concerned with the natural world and its processes” (30). So, they never asked about where it came from. Instead they were interested in the question of change. C. The Tao of Physics

 II.event two
A. The debate “what are we made of?” is raised. Early philosophers shared a belief that there had to be a certain basic substance at the root of all change. B. While some natural philosophers believed that everything was made of water, others believed they were made of air. “Earth, air, and fire were all necessary the creation of life” (33). C. Human-Aesthetic Perfection Song & Lyrics

 III.event three
A. All Things Flow- “Everything is in constant flux and movement, nothing is abiding. Therefore we ‘cannot step twice into the river.’”(34)- Heraclitus B. Heraclitus states the world is made of opposites- we would not appreciate one thing if we...
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