Accent: accent refers to the emphasis on a syllable so that it can be distinct from the other syllable in a word or in a stream of speech. For example, in English the noun ‘increase’ has the accent on the first syllable in while the verb increase has the accent on the second syllable- ‘crease.
Accommodation: Accommodation is the term normally used to refer to the means we take to adjust our way of interacting with people of different cultures in order to facilitate communication. An individual is said to accommodate if s/he meets her/his interlocutors on their cultural grounds by such means as adopting their phonological system, using their habitual turn-taking procedures and observing their genre constrictions.
Acculturation: Acculturation is the process whereby the attitudes and/or behaviors of people from one culture are modified as a result of contact with a different culture. Acculturation implies a mutual influence in which elements of two cultures mingle and merge. It has been hypothesized that in order for acculturation to occur, some relative cultural equality has to exist between the giving and the receiving culture. The acculturation process affects a range of behaviors, values, and beliefs. All of the scales used to measure acculturation include items on second-language proficiency, because being able to communicate in the language of the host culture is a prerequisite to learning about it. Many argue that sport makes a major contribution to acculturation. This is possibly one reason for financial support of national teams by governments.
Accuracy: A term refers to the ability to produce grammatically correct sentences but may not include the ability to speak or write fluently.
Acoustic phonetics: The branch of phonetics which deals with the study of physical properties of speech sound as transmitted between mouth and ear. When a speech sound is produced it causes sound waves. Various instruments are used... [continues]
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