Sonnet 30

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What's he saying?
"When to the sessions of sweet silent thought / I summon up remembrance of things past," When I am in a pensive state and recall my memories of past things,

"I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought / And with old woes new wail my dear time's waste:" I regret that I did not achieve many things I tried to get, and with old regrets renewed I now grieve over having wasted my precious time: "Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow / For precious friends hid in death's dateless night," Then I can cry, being unaccustomed to crying, over dear friends who have died, "And weep afresh love's long since cancell'd woe / And moan the expense of many a vanish'd sight:" And weep again over former loves that I put behind me long ago, and cry over the pain of many faded memories: "Then can I grieve at grievances foregone / And heavily from woe to woe tell o'er" Then I can grieve over past griefs and recount each sadness with a heavy heart, "The sad account of fore-bemoaned moan / Which I new pay as if not paid before." The sad remembrance of things I have grieved over already, which I now grieve over anew as though I never did before. "But if the while I think on thee, dear friend / All losses are restored and sorrows end." But as soon as I think of you, my dear friend, all those wounds are healed, and my sorrows come to an end. Why is he saying it?

Sonnet 30 is at the center of a sequence of sonnets dealing with the narrator's growing attachment to the fair lord and the narrator's paralyzing inability to function without him. The sonnet begins with the image of the poet drifting off into the "remembrance of things past" - painful memories, we soon learn, that the poet has already lamented but now must lament anew. The fair lord enters the scene only in the sonnet's closing couplet, where he is presented as a panacea for the poet's emotional distress. Closely mirroring the message of sonnet 29, here Shakespeare cleverly heightens the expression of his...
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